National Training Workshop

Essential Boiler Water Chemistry
Operation & Maintenance Engineers


On Date
April 2012
Hotel Surya Palace, Vadodara, Gujarat
Organized by

EngineeringAcademy for Self Excellence and Learning Pvt.Ltd.

India Boiler Dot Com
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Boiler is a vessel wherein water is heated to convert into steam, with the application of heat of a burning fuel and/or the hot exhaust gas from some process. Continuous supply of pure water is one of the essential requirements for steam generation.

Water is abundantly available, but the problem is, pure water simply does not exist in nature.

Natural Water specifically contains suspended solids, dissolved solids and dissolved gases. These impurities reduce efficiency and damage plant equipment.The goal of boiler water treatment is the prevention of water related problems in steam generating systems and associated equipment. Those problems include corrosion, scale formation and carry -over. Depending upon the working pressure and temperature of boiler, the quality of Feed Water for the boiler is to be maintained.

Role of an O&M Engineer:

Quite often it is seen that the water chemistry control responsibilities lie with the DM plant personnel, or in a power plant, with the Chemists. Whereas, in almost every plant, regular water analysis is being done at varied frequency (sometimes every two hours!) and the results are given to the shift-in-charge, who in turn fill the log sheet and then, more often than not, file it without giving any further consideration to the results. The decisions for any corrective measures to control the water chemistry regime are taken either by the chemist or by the DM plant personnel.

Very few O&M engineers know what are all the chemical parameters being checked regularly and most of them are having no or little idea about the significance and effect of these parameters on O&M.

The role of water chemistry is influenced quite a lot by operating conditions of a boiler and vice versa. On a number of occasions, when they interface, there are some grey areas, where the chemists think the responsibilities lie with the O&M guys, whereas, the O&M personnel feels that water is the exclusively the chemist’s responsibilities. But when something goes wrong as a result of that, who suffers?

An O&M engineer therefore should at least know what could be the consequences of faulty water chemistry. They should know the significance of each chemical parameter analyzed in water and should be able to identify when things start going wrong.

This programme offers the essential knowledge in a simple and logical manner, so that any one, who is not from a chemistry background, can also easily understand them.


  • Engineering professionals involved in operation and maintenance of Steam Generating Plant
  • DM Plant personnel
  • Chemists
    After completion of this training the participants will gain the knowledge about:
  • Various impurities in water
  • Mechanism of corrosion, scale and carry-over in boiler
  • Which characteristics of water causes problem in boiler?
  • What are the analysis done in Feed water, CBD, Steam and condensate?
  • Significance of the analysis in terms of Boiler health
  • How to control silica?
  • Relation of water chemistry with tube failures and Turbine fouling
  • Different processes of pre-treatment
  • Different processes of Demineralization
  • Mechanical Deaeration process
  • Oxygen scavenging by Hydrazine and alternative chemical confirming ISO 14001
  • pH/ phosphate control in CBD and use of AVT
  • controlling LP and HP dozing
  • Cares to be taken during water analysis
  • Different problems pertaining water chemistry control and their solutions
    Topic Details:
    Water Properties
  • Water and Steam cycle in Steam Generation System
  • Different adverse conditions in system
  • Nature of water
  • Types of impurities in water from different sources and their nature  
  • Scaling Mechanism
  • Dissolved solids
  • Hard & Soft Water
  • Scaling characteristics
  • Types of impurities in water from different sources and their nature  
  • Corrosion Mechanism
  • Material Structure
  • Corrosion Process
  • Types of Corrosion
  • Reduction and Prevention of Corrosion
  • Raw Water Treatment 
  • Chlorination
  • Clarification
  • Filtration
  • Demineralization – Ion Exchange, Reverse Osmosis, Thermal Desalination
  • Deaeration
  • Feed Water Treatment 
  • Oxygen Removal
  • pH Control
  • Condensate Polishers
  • Recommended Condensate and Feed Water Chemistry Monitoring and Control
  • Guidelines
  • Boiler Water Treatment 
  • Properties of Water
  • Boiler Water Treatment
  • Carry Over
  • Blow Down
  • Recommended Boiler Water Chemistry Monitoring and Control Guidelines
  • Water Analysis, Chemical Dozing and Trouble shooting 
  • Raw water analysis (Feed water to RO/DM plant)-chemical analysis like pH/ Conductivity/ TDS/ P & M alkalinity/ Ca-Hardness/ Total hardnes/ Silica/ Iron/ sulphate/ chloride/ FRC/ etc.
  • DM water analysis as feed to boiler - pH/ conductivity/ Low level silica
  • Boiler water analysis (Blow down) - pH/ TDS/ conductivity/ Silica/ Iron/ Copper/ Phosphate/ Chloride/ P & M alklinity/ TH/sulfite/ Hydrazine or special oxygen scavanger
  • Steam analysis;
  • Standard limits as per IS/ABMA/ASME guidelines for various pressures
  • Precautions during sampling
  • The effect of every parameter on equipment and action to be taken
  • Dosage requirements and trouble shooting
  • Course Structure: 

    10 days pre-training interaction + 3 days classroom training + 10 days post-training follow-up session.

    Virtual Classroom: 

    After registration, each participant would be provided with a username and password to access the Virtual Classroom for this training at our website First, there will be a pre-training session, where the participants would be offered a soft copy of the study material and a guideline. Each participant can indicate what they expect to gain from this training. They can also raise any specific performance or reliability issue pertaining to their organization in this forum, if they want.

    There would also be 10 days follow-up interaction through Virtual Classroom between the participants and the faculties after the completion of the classroom training. This will increase the opportunities for more detail discussion on the large number of topic covered under the course module.

    Date:  17th, 18th & 19th April 2012
    Time: 9.30 AM to 5.00 PM
    Venue: Hotel Surya Palace, Vadodara
    Programme Fees: 
    Venue: Hotel Surya Palace, Vadodara
    1. Non-Residential: 9000/- per candidate + 10.30% service tax
    2. Residential: 17000/- per candidate + 10.30% service tax
    3. For Overseas participants (Residential option only): USD 500

    (DD/ Cheque should be prepared in the name of India Boiler dot Com, payable at Vadodara)

    The Workshop registration fee for Non-residential participants includes:

    • 10 days pre-training interaction through Virtual Classroom
    • 3-days classroom training
    • Course material
    • Mid-session tea and coffee breaks
    • Lunch on all 3 days
    • 10 days post training Follow-up session through Virtual Classroom

    The Workshop registration fee for Residential & Overseas participants additionally includes:

    • Stay for 3 nights on Twin sharing basis at Hotel Surya Palace
    • Complimentary Buffet Breakfast & Buffet Dinner at Azure Restaurant.
    • Complimentary Usage of Health Club facilities for In-house guests.
    • Fruit Basket, Soft drinks & Cookies in Executive Club, Premier Club & Suite rooms.
    • Courtesy - To & Fro Vadodara Airport transfers.
    Registration Procedure:

    Nominating organization should send duly filled registration form along with a demand draft on the course fees.

    For overseas nomination, the fee has to Swift transferred to our account.

    Last Date for accepting registration: 20th March 2012

    Please contact the programme coordinator for further information by phone (0265) 2386658, 6541352 or email /

    Programme Coordinator: 
    India Boiler dot Com
    FF1 Keshav Complex
    Samta Chaar Rasta, Near Puroshottam Park Society, 
    Subhanpura, Vadodara – 390 023
    Ph. 0265 – 2386658/ 6541352
    Cell: 09099933061 
    e-mail: / 
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